- ISHN GLOBAL
- EHS RESEARCH
We marvel at people who escape from disaster, but no less notable are people whose safety equipment saves their lives while they were wearing or using it. Chance, freak accidents, carelessness, unconscious ignorance of hidden dangers â€” all of these can cause deaths and injuries on the job, and at home.
True accounts: It could happen to you
Darryl was operating a large piece of mining equipment in an underground shaft when he noticed a small crack in the roof 11 feet above him. While he was trying to scale the machinery down, a large section of overhead material broke loose and fell on Darryl. He was knocked to the ground, and his Topgard Cap was seriously damaged. Darryl received cuts, scrapes and bruises from the debris, but thanks to the cap, more serious head injuries were avoided.
Vern was sweeping debris from a road construction project when the side view mirror of a passing truck struck him on the head. The doctor at the emergency room said Vern’s V-Gard Cap (which split in two) took the initial impact of the hit and saved his life.
Jim was working at a construction site when a large concrete block fell approximately 12 feet from an overhead scaffold. The block struck his head and right arm, and he was knocked to the ground. Although dizzy and bruised, he returned to work the same day.
What hit Louise a few years ago was a piece of iron scaffolding that had fallen 36 feet at her Rhode Island construction site. It smashed into her V-Gard Cap, knocked her to the ground, fractured her temple and sinus bones, and crushed the bone around her right eye. The blow exceeded the helmet’s design limits, but it didn’t kill her. Miraculously, it didn’t even knock her out.
John was wearing his hardhat when, while descending a set of concrete stairs, one step crumbled under his foot, sending him forward and down, into a steel beam â€” head first. “I hit my head on the beam, bounced backwards, hit my head on the concrete, and was knocked out for about 45 minutes until my co-workers found me. My hardhat has a 1-1/2-inch chunk out of the bill and a crack in the back. Without my hat, my head would not have sustained this traumatic force, and I wouldn’t be around.”
Paul was working with another employee to remove debris and salt buildup from a service shaft. They were operating out of a caged compartment and servicing a leaking coupling when a piece of salt fell from within the shaft. Paul was struck on the right side of his head, his right forearm and his right foot. While the force of impact broke his hardhat and cracked a bone in his arm, he escaped life-threatening head injuries.
While working on a scissors lift, construction worker Phil wore both a hardhat and protective eyewear. He was demolishing a temporary wall when a large piece of overhead ductwork became loose and fell. The ductwork struck Phil in the head, knocking him to the floor of the lift and gouging his safety glasses, before it landed on the guardrails of the lift. Fortunately, a medical evaluation revealed no injury greater than a stiff neck.
Joe, a solution man for a steel company, was standing near a desk in the plater section, when a large piece of corroded metal fell 20 feet from the second tier facing plate. It struck Joe’s hardhat and glanced off. The metal put a hole in Joe’s Skullgard Cap. Fortunately, he sustained only a minor contusion to his head and some muscle soreness in his neck, but Joe thanks his helmet (a heavy-duty Type I, Class G helmet) for saving his head.
Rick was attempting to manually open a valve on a high-pressure flash tank. The valve stem suddenly shot upwards and broke the valve bonnet, as well as the operating cylinder. The valve assembly and piping shook violently, and Rick was knocked off the pipe. Rick hit his head when he landed on the ground, but thanks to his V-Gard Helmet, he avoided serious injury.
Gerald was working in a gas-processing facility when he was struck in the head by a one-inch pipe. The pipe, driven by 800 lbs. of pressure, broke the suspension of his hardhat upon impact. The hat was then propelled more than 50 feet away from the site of the accident. But Gerald himself suffered only a slight concussion. Without the hardhat, he surely would have received a life-threatening head injury.
Everyone who wears a hardhat should:
• Avoid areas where there’s a chance of severe helmet impact or penetration.
• Inspect the helmet before and after each use. Always follow the manufacturer’s inspection instructions. Replace any part that shows wear or damage.
• Discard the helmet after any impact or penetration. The helmet absorbs the energy of an impact by deforming and crushing, and the damage may not be visible or readily apparent. A damaged helmet will not provide the degree of protection originally designed into it. Anyone who uses a damaged helmet risks his/her life.
• Never exceed the manufacturer’s useful service life guidelines of the helmet. Replace the suspension or helmet as required.
• Never store gloves, cigarettes, earplugs, etc., between the suspension and shell, because this space is needed when the shell suspension absorbs the energy of an impact. Objects in this space can transmit large forces to the head and neck, resulting in serious injury or death.
• Never alter or modify the helmet in any way, unless specified by the manufacturer.
• Never put paint, solvents or hydrocarbon-type cleaners, such as thinner, gasoline or kerosene, on the helmet. They can damage the helmet materials in a manner that may not be visible to the user, causing the helmet to fail. Certain paints contain solvents that can damage parts of the helmet assembly.
• Never combine different manufacturers’ helmet shells and suspensions.
When concentrating on tasks at hand, we sometimes forget that safety gear can mean the difference between life and death. These true accounts of workers who wore their hardhats drive the point home that you should take no chances. Please share this information with anyone you’re responsible for and care about.