High levels of cynicism associated with lower income levels later in life, study says
May 29, 2015
Holding cynical beliefs about others may have a negative effect on your income according to research published by the American Psychological Association (APA). “While previous research has associated cynicism with detrimental outcomes across a wide range of spheres of life, including physical health, psychological well-being and marital adjustment, the present research has established an association between cynicism and individual economic success,” says Olga Stavrova, PhD, a research associate at the Institute of Sociology and Social Psychology, University of Cologne, Germany, and lead author on the study which appears in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology®.
An increase in personal income can lead to greater happiness – but only if other factors are present, according to an analysis of new worldwide survey findings published by the American Psychological Association (APA).