Where's the Worker?
Ever question why EPA is flush with cash, a budget of $8.4 billion in fiscal year 2004, with a payroll of 17,850 employees â€” while OSHA scrapes by with $457.5 million and 2,236 employees?
That's right, EPA's budget is roughly 18 times the size of OSHA's; its workforce about eight times as large.
No wonder a corporate EHS needs assessment survey conducted for the American Industrial Hygiene Association found environmental expertise to be in demand much more than safety and industrial hygiene specialists.
In this edition of ISHN's e-newsletter, we examine why the power and the glory go to environmental issues, with safety work often going to ill-trained part-timers or volunteer committees.
Other indicators of the yawning gap between the country's environmental and safety attitudes:
To find out why this huge chasm exists between high-profile green issues and back-burner blue collar safety, all you needed was a front row seat at a press event last week in Washington.
In the ground floor gallery of The Wilderness Society, surrounded by Ansel Adams prints, the Coalition of Citizens for Sensible Safeguards picked apart the Bush administration's health, safety and environmental record for two hours.
Cliches flew fast and furious. Regs are being rolled back. The enforcement cop is off duty. The fox is in the hen house. The playing field is tilted. The standards spigot is turned off. Political commissars pull all the string at reg agencies. Career civil servants are exiled to bureaucratic Siberia.
But almost none of the 125 coalition members have anything to do with job safety. Green is the color of the coalition.
Groups include Environmental Health Watch, Environmental Integrity Project, Environmental Media Services, Friends of the Earth, Earthworks, Greenpeace, National Environmental Trust, Sierra Club, Silicon Valley Toxics Coalition, Alliance for Healthy Homes, Clean Water Action, Clean Air Trust Education Fund, and the Children's Environmental Health Network.
The AFL-CIO is a member, but the only group with "safety" in its name is the New York Committee for Occupational Safety and Health, based in New York City.
Worker safety was barely mentioned by speakers, except for an ex-OSHA staffer and a former MSHA official in a panel discussion at the end of the program. Star power was provided by former EPA administrator Carol Browner, who offered introductory remarks. Dr. Philip J. Landrigan, director of the Center for Children's Health and the Environment at Mount Sinai School of Medicine gave the keynote speech.
Children's health and the environment â€” not workplace safety â€” was the theme of the day.
So why, at this press event, was the spotlight on asthma, neurodevelopmental disorders and birth defects â€” not trench cave-ins, confined space asphyxiation, or punch press amputations?
Keep asking "why" enough times and you'll get close to the root cause. Let's try it. For starters, why are governors recruited to EPA's top job â€” and mid-level corporate types and career bureaucrats to OSHA's?
(EPA has landed state governors as its last two administrators, Christie Whitman of New Jersey and now Michael Leavitt of Utah. OSHA's most recent bosses have been a state OSHA program director, Charles Jeffress, and the EHS director of a phosphorus chemicals supplier with 550 employees, John Henshaw.)
Because the EPA job gets you in the news and on talk shows, at the table with the President, and a bigger budget to play with.
Because EPA penalties are much steeper than OSHA's. Environmental liabilities are much more of a concern to corporations â€” and countries â€” than injuries and fatalities.
Because the environment is more of a concern to voters, homeowners, parents, investors, politicians, reporters and think tanks than what goes on in workplaces.
Because everyone breathes air and drinks water. Because when smog settles in over the Grand Canyon, everyone sees it.
When an employee loses a finger at work, only his coworkers and family know. When a worker dies, it's usually buried on the back page in the newspaper.
Risk communications consultant Peter Sandman has a list of 12 factors that influence public outrage. In Sandman's framework, workplace hazards are likely to be seen by the public, press and politicians as voluntary, fair, familiar, individually controlled, and something to be not dreaded.
Think about it. No one forces employees to take risks on the job â€” they are free to leave and find other work.
Workplace risks are familiar, everyone has a story about a friend, neighbor or relative who got dinked on the job, maybe lost a finger or their hearing, threw out their back.
Job-related risks are believed to be within the control of the individual â€” if he wears his PPE, follows the rules, and pays attention, chances are he won't get hurt.
A risk that's familiar and controllable is not something to be dreaded.
All in all, these risks faced by workers seem relatively fair and discretionary â€” since the worker can take another job and protect himself.
But environmental risks are coerced, something forced upon us. We don't accept pollution exposures voluntarily. If our air or water is dirty, what options do we have? It's not fair. Especially when kids are at risk.
Kids are so vulnerable, said Dr. Landrigan at the Washington press conference. "Children today are surrounded by thousands and thousands of toxic chemicals," he said. These toxins are not familiar to kids, they're beyond the control of the kids to do anything about them. Now this is very unfair. Outrageous. A source of dread.
(Many workers are surrounded by toxins, too. But in theory, they receive hazcom training, can avail themselves of MSDSs, and can don respirators.)
One hundred years ago, factory conditions did generate outrage, in large measure because working kids were suffering. Kids who at risk tug at emotions, sell papers, even sway votes.
"I can give you the names of victims' families," one of the Washington event organizers, Gary Bass, told reporters after he told the story of a six-year-old girl who got violently ill from e coli bacteria in barbecued hamburger.
Barbecued hamburger, now that's something reporters and their readers can relate to. A workplace hazard like a confined space? Few reporters or their readers have ever ventured there.
Last week's Washington press event used six-year-olds, children, not adult workers, to score points with the press.
"We going to have one, two, or three generations of children harmed by the lack of regulating mercury," said Carol Browner.
"Our children are breathing bad air and eating unsafe food," she said.
"Kids are inherently more sensitive," said Dr. Landrigan. "They face a lifetime of risk for chronic disease."
The last slide in his PowerPoint presentation showed the heads of two small children peering above a rusted 55-gallon drum. "This is why we're here," concluded Dr. Landrigan.
Safety pros vent at times when they see environmental protection getting the budget, staff, clout, headlines, ISO standards, global summits and corner offices. But look no further than a yellow school bus or a playground. Think of Peter Sandman's hazards and risks that generate heat. Environment bests safety hands down in the battle for the hearts and minds of the public.
Dave Johnson is the ISHN E-News editor. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org, (610) 666-0261; fax (610) 666-1906.
ImageWaveÂ® â€“ EHS EnterpriseÂ®Software SuiteClick here http://www.imagewave.com/demoform.asp to request a demo.
This popular solution offers the following:
- MSDS Management
- MSDS Authoring
- Environmental Reporting (including SARA 313 & TIER II)
- Chemical Inventory Tracking
- Container Labeling
- Auto Download of MSDSs from the Internet
- MSDS Repository Access
- MSDS Hosting
- MSDS Database Building Services
ImageWaveÂ® â€“ EHS EnterpriseÂ® Software Suite is an advanced enterprise level solution that is scalable from a Single-user to Enterprise-wide.
TO REQUEST A FREE DEMO:
Click here email@example.com to contact us directly via e-mail
Visit our website: http://www.imagewave.com/demoform.asp
Or, call 512-267-9705
3E Company3E Company â€“ Alleviating the pain of hazmat information and compliance management
Free Educational Web-Seminar hosted by 3E Company and Marsh USA, Inc. "Managing Environmental Risk"
Join 3E's special guest speaker, Janet Carl, Environmental Practice Leader, Marsh and learn:
When: Thursday, June 24, 2004 Time: 9:00 am Pacific, 11 am Central, 12 pm Eastern Cost: No Cost Where: Internet and Phone Conference call Register: Click here http://www.3ecompany.com/EmailPromo/promowp.asp?trkcde=OA-RM-62404-ISHN to register!
Call or email us today: 800-346-6737; firstname.lastname@example.org
Safety Storage, Inc.Safety Storage, Inc. has been the industry leader designing high quality, cost-effective prefabricated, relocatable steel buildings, lockers and compactors for the safe, secure storage of chemicals and hazardous materials. These prefabricated, relocatable buildings combine ultimate portability and the durability of steel construction with a minimum of site preparation and approvals. Features include secondary containment and chemical resistant coating. Options include A/C, heating, fire suppression, lighting and more. Standard and custom size models. Contact us to learn more about the Safety Storage advantage. Toll Free: 888-345-4470 or email@example.com
Special Opsâ„¢ Series respiratorsThe Special Opsâ„¢ Series respirators from Moldex were designed to meet the toughest working conditions on the planet. The solid black color stays cleaner looking longer preventing pre-mature disposal of the masks before the filters are used up. And our Dura-MeshÂ® shell resists collapsing in heat and humidity. The HandyStrapÂ® allows the mask to hang around the neck when not in use so itâ€™s always ready when you are.
For added comfort the respirators include a soft foam nose flange, contoured nose bridge, VentexÂ® valve and SoftspunÂ® lining. NIOSH certified to have a filter efficiency of 95% or greater against particulates free of oil. Available without valve (M2600N95), with valve (M2700N95) and with added carbon layer for nuisance levels of organic vapor odors (M2800N95).
For samples of our Special Ops Series or for more information on our entire line of respiratory protection, phone: 800-421-0668, Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Website: www.moldex.com.
Books from ASSEYou can order these titles and more from the American Society of Safety Engineers Bookstore on ISHN's Web site. Visit â€” http://www.ishn.com/FILES/HTML/ISHN_ASSE_index/ Among the books you'll find:
- "Refresher Guide for the Safety Fundamentals Exam"
- "The Participation Factor," by Dr. E. Scott Geller
- "Safety Training That Delivers"
- "Building a Better Safety and Health Committee"
- "Safety Management - A Human Approach," and "Techniques of Safety Management - A Systems Approach," both by Dan Petersen.
MARKET RESEARCHISHN offers exclusive market research survey reports including White Papers, Online Training Editorial Study, Web-based Training Study, Salary Study, Hygiene Instrument Study, PPE Study, and more... CLICK HERE http://www.ishn.com/FILES/HTML/ISHN_market_research_index/0,5680,,00.html to learn more about these studies.
DIRECT MAILLook to ISHN's 73,000+ subscribers for your next direct mail campaign. For customized lists, call toll free: 1-800 323-4958; Fax: 1-630-288-8390; E-Mail: email@example.com; Web: www.dm2lists.com
WE NEED YOU!Are you a safety and health pro or a manufacturer or provider of occupational safety and health products or services who enjoys writing?
Shakespeare need not apply, but ISHN is looking for authors to publish short articles (1,000 words) in our monthly issues.
Topics include: safety success stories, close calls and personal experiences, training tips, use of software, engineering controls (machine guards, lockout-tagout), gas detection and air monitoring, confined space safety, personal protective equipment, and OSHA compliance issues.
If any of these topics interest you â€” or if you have other ideas â€” e-mail editor Dave Johnson at firstname.lastname@example.org
We will also consider articles youâ€™ve already written but not submitted to any safety magazine.