The primary way to avoid hand and finger injuries is to ensure hands are kept out of the “danger zone” while a work task is performed. Evaluate each work task and ensure that it is being performed in the safest manner possible. Personal responsibilities to keep your hands out of the “danger zone” include:
Maintain good hand position to avoid hazards. You must be constantly alert to where your hands are positioned. Pay special attention to the placement of your non-dominant hand. Do not position your hands where:
• They can be cut or punctured
• They can be burned by hot objects or chemicals
• They can be pinched between objects
• They can be struck by objects that move because of pent up energy that can be released unexpectedly if not maintained under control (for example, energy stored in compressed springs, hydraulic fluids under pressure, arm energy, etc.)
Follow directions on how to perform a work task. If you do not know for sure how to do the task, ask your supervisor for instruction and/or assistance.
Use the correct tools for the job and ensure those tools are in good condition.
Make sure machine guards are in place for all moving machinery. Never remove machine safeguards.
Check materials and equipment for rough or sharp edges before handling.
Maintain an effective barrier between hands and hazards by using tools or other aids.
Maintain good housekeeping in the work area.
Adhere to lockout/tag out procedures. Determine if there are multiple energy sources present in the same equipment and ensure that all sources are addressed (for example, bleed off stored energy in cylinders, receivers, pipelines)
Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry around moving machinery.
Keep hands from under suspended loads.
When applying force (push or pull) be prepared for an unexpected slip or release.
The secondary way to avoid injury is to wear gloves that are specific to the job that is being performed. Each specific hazard will have gloves that are designed to protect against that hazard. Ensure that your gloves are sized properly and are in good condition. Most importantly, wear your gloves on a regular basis as you perform your work tasks
Source; American Supply Association http://www.asa.net/Portals/46/docs/Safety/Hand%20Safety%20Toolbox%20Talk.pdf