The U.S. manufacturing, mining and electric utility industries spent a total of $23 billion on pollution abatement, waste disposal and materials recycling in 1999, according to EPA's recently released 1999 Pollution Abatement Costs and Expenditures (PACE) data.

Capital expenditures on pollution abatement totaled $6.2 billion, associated operating costs reached $16.8 billion, and pollution prevention expenditures totaled $2.8 billion.

The PACE survey is available at