A standard aimed at helping employers reduce the risk of dropped objects incidents in industrial and occupational settings has been approved by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).

Developed by the ANSI and the International Safety Equipment Association (ISEA), ANSI/ISEA 121-2018, American National Standard for Dropped Object Prevention Solutions establishes minimum design, performance, and labeling requirements for solutions and testing that mitigate this hazard.

Dropped object deaths, injuries on the rise

The standard comes in response to the thousands of workers each year in the U.S. who are injured — and the hundreds who die — from being struck by a falling object, such as hand tools, instrumentation, small parts, structural components and other items that have to be transferred and used at heights. In 2016, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reports there were 255 fatalities and 47,920 reported injuries from dropped objects in the United States, making this the third leading cause of injuries on the jobsite, according to OSHA. Compared to 2015, deaths from dropped objects were up approximately 3.24 percent, and injuries increased by 6.85 percent.

Overall struck-by injuries were up 8.7 percent from 2013 to 2014, and are projected to increase to 9.1 percent by the end of 2018, according to the Bureau of Labor StatisticsLiberty Mutual Insurance alone said it paid out $5.3 billion in workers compensation claims from 2013 to 2014. Workers comp claims don’t include damage to equipment, structures and the environment.

Industries where elevated work areas are common have been especially susceptible to the risk of dropped objects, including the oil and gas, construction, energy and telecommunications infrastructure, shipping operations and aviation industries.

About the standard

The standard addresses four active controls, but does not include passive controls. The active controls are:

  1. Anchor attachments
  2. Tool attachments
  3. Tool tethers
  4. Containers (buckets, pouches)

“ANSI/ISEA 121-2018 gives manufacturers guidelines, and establishes minimum design, testing and performance criteria,” explained Matt Thoms, Designer/Drafter, 3M and member of ISEA’s Dropped Object Prevention Group. “Clearly, a variety of industries should be using safety products that will help keep tools and other items from falling off workers and equipment at heights.”

Nate Bohmbach, Associate Product Director, Ergodyne and Chair of ISEA’s Dropped Object Prevention Group said the standard is particularly significant because it was developed from scratch, and is not a revision of anything.

More reliable solutions

“The standard kicks off a new generation of tethering practices,” said Bohmbach. “A lot of people are tethering their tools and equipment using just duct tape and rope, which is pretty alarming, so this standard guides employers and workers toward safer, more reliable solutions.”

ISEA took the lead in responding to this little-known hazard by forming the Dropped Object Prevention Group — including leading safety equipment manufacturers, such as Ergodyne3M Safety, Guardian Fall ProtectionHammerhead IndustriesRadiansTy-Flot, and West Coast Corporation — to standardize the solutions available to protect workers from objects falling from heights.

“Eliminating the risk of injuries is an important part of any safety program. We are proud to have developed a standard that will play a part in keeping workers safer,” said Cristine Fargo, ISEA Director of Member and Technical Services.

Copies of the standard can be purchased online from ISEA and from ANSI’s licensed resellers.