Safety professionals in a wide range of industries are well aware of the importance of personal protective equipment (PPE).

When it comes to protecting eyes and faces, the employer or safety manager must assess the workplace and determine if there are hazards present that that necessitate the use PPE by workers.  [29 CFR 1910.132(d)]

OSHA requires a hazard assessment to determine the risk of exposure to eye and face hazards, including those which may be encountered in an emergency. Employers should be aware of the possibility of multiple and simultaneous hazard exposures and be prepared to protect against the highest level of each hazard. [29 CFR 1910 Subpart I App B]

Hazard Assessment

Hazard type

Examples of Hazard

Common Related Tasks


Flying objects such as large chips, fragments, particles, sand, and dirt

Chipping, grinding, machining, masonry work, wood working, sawing, drilling, chiseling, powered fastening, riveting, and sanding


Anything emitting extreme heat

Furnace operations, pouring, casting, hot dipping, and welding


Splash, fumes, vapors, and irritating mists

Acid and chemical handling, degreasing, plating, and working with blood


Harmful dust

Woodworking, buffing, and general dusty conditions

Optical Radiation

Radiant energy, glare, and intense light

Welding, torch-cutting, brazing, soldering, and laser work

Source: OSHA