MSHAThe Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) announced that it met the deadline for making changes recommended after the deadly April 2010 Upper Big Branch (UBB) mine tragedy.

Specific timetables and deadlines were set for implementing the 100 recommendations, which were published in a March 2012 internal review report examining the agency’s actions in the months leading up to the UBB explosion, which killed 29 miners, injured two and led to sweeping changes in mine safety.

“The internal review was designed to identify shortcomings so that we, as an agency, could take necessary actions to improve mine safety and health,” said Joseph A. Main, assistant secretary of labor for mine safety and health. “The result was one of the most comprehensive internal reviews in MSHA history, and the most extensive improvements at the agency in decades.”

Enhanced enforement

In June 2012, MSHA began posting on its website quarterly updates of the corrective actions that had been completed. These reforms included: enhanced enforcement programs, such as impact inspections and a revised pattern of violations process; the splitting of the southern West Virginia coal district into two districts; the upgrading of the Mt. Hope, W. Va., laboratory for better coal dust and gas analyses; reorganization of the Office of Assessments, Accountability, Special Enforcement and Investigations to better manage and support MSHA’s enforcement programs; and publication of final regulations on the maintenance of rock dust, examinations in underground mines and the pattern of violations program to rein in chronic violators.

“Meeting the self-imposed timelines was a major challenge,” said Main, pointing to other demands facing the agency, such as mission-critical needs, sequestration and the 16-day government shutdown. “MSHA was able to maintain the schedule throughout the process and finish corrective actions on time, which is a testament to the hard work and dedication of our employees.”

Among the corrective actions MSHA put into place:

  • Revision or development of more than 40 policy directives, including the significant revision of mine inspection procedure handbooks and the development of a new coal roof control handbook
  • More than 20 separate training sessions for MSHA personnel on issues raised by the internal review
  • Creation of a centralized system to establish better oversight of all agency directives and policy guidance and to ensure their consistency
  • Modification of the Mine Plan Approval database system
  • Integration of a common tracking system to track inspector re-training
  • Creation (with the Holmes Safety Association and mining community) of a national mine rescue organization to support and provide guidance on mine rescue

“The Upper Big Branch tragedy unquestionably shook the very foundation of mine safety,” said Main. “It caused us to re-double our efforts to instill a culture of prevention in mining. These corrective actions are part of MSHA's ongoing efforts to improve health and safety conditions in the nation's mines so that miners can go to work, do their jobs and return home to their loved ones safe and healthy at the end of every shift.”

As a result of actions taken by MSHA and the mining community, there have been a number of mine safety improvements, including:Substantially fewer mines with chronic violation records

  • Record number of temporary reinstatements and discrimination cases filed on behalf of miners
  • Reduced respirable dust levels to lowest exposure levels in history
  • The lowest fatal and injury rates in 2011 and again in 2012
  • The lowest fatal and injury rates and number of mining deaths ever recorded in a fiscal year

A list of MSHA’s corrective actions can be found on the Upper Big Branch single source page at: