Disaster can strike in the blink of an eye

March 1, 2004
/ Print / Reprints /
ShareMore
/ Text Size+


Each year, protecting eyesight on the job is a safety communication priority for about 40 percent of ISHN readers, according to our White Paper subscriber surveys. It’s tough keeping employees interested in this kind of perennial safety topic, so here are nine nuggets to slip into your next newsletter, web posting or safety meeting.

1) Blinded by belief

There is a reason eye protection ranks with hazard communication, ergonomics and lockout-tagout as one of the most common safety training topics. Each day on the job, about 2,000 injuries to workers’ eyes occur. Of course the stakes are high: Ten percent to 20 percent of all eye injuries involve temporary or permanent disabling vision loss.

Of all the losses you attempt to prevent in safety, eye injuries are low-hanging fruit. Basic precautions can make a huge difference. Nine out of ten eye injuries can be prevented by wearing the right eyewear — spectacles, goggles, face shields, etc., according to government statistics. Regrettably, nearly 60 percent of workers who suffered injuries to the eye were not wearing any safety eyewear, according to an often-cited Bureau of Labor Statistics survey from the 1980s. Maybe that’s because they couldn’t see what was coming. Most injuries to eyes at work are caused by objects smaller than a pin head, according to employees who suffered these kinds of accidents. And most of these particles were flying at a speed faster than a hand-thrown object.

2) Don’t get side-swiped

Here’s another risk: Many of the injured workers who were wearing some sort of safety eyewear probably were not wearing side shields, according to researchers. Many times, chemicals or flying objects go around or under protective lenses to strike the eye.

3) ANSI’s new standard

You should familiarize yourself and your employees with ANSI’s new standard — Z87.1 2003. One new development: There are now two levels of protection afforded by lenses: basic and high impact. Basic lenses must pass a drop ball test, where a one-inch diameter steel ball is dropped on the lens from 50 inches. High impact lenses must pass high velocity testing where one-quarter-inch steel balls are shot at varying speeds.

OSHA still requires compliance with a 1989 version of the ANSI standard that does not distinguish basic from high impact protection. Your existing inventory of safety eyewear can continue to be used. Safety distributors can give you information on new models of eye protection designed to the ANSI 2003 standard and the new marking requirements for those products.

4) “The Vision Line”

Here’s a sports analogy to use with your employees to show how some of the most macho guys around are increasingly using safety eyewear, even when it’s not mandatory. Three Toronto Maple Leaf hockey players form an attack called “The Vision Line” because all three wear visors. Visor use is a growing trend in the National Hockey League.

Of course most players, like these Maple Leafs, suffer eye injuries before deciding to go with the visors. Why wait? One Maple Leaf player’s injury occurred when an opponent’s stick caught him in the right eye. There was no serious damage, luckily, but the muscles in his eye were affected to the point where they cannot keep his eyelid completely open. He even tried to tape his eye open, but it watered far too much.

5) No horsing around

Speaking of eye injuries making the news, here’s a recent story from North Carolina that shows (once more) the dangers of horseplay. In January, four teens were charged with assault with a deadly weapon after launching paintball markers from a passing car that struck a 12-year-old boy sitting on his bike. The blow left the boy blind in one eye.

Horsing around at work is so common it’s often ignored —– until something like the drive-by paintball shooting happens. You might want to tell workers to be careful with spray cans, a handy tool for horsing around. Down on the farm, spray cans are an increasing source of chemical eye injury, according to University of Maine research.

6) Lessons from the farm

Here are more lessons from farming that apply to most any workplace: Eye injuries are more likely to happen when servicing equipment, rather than operating it, according to the University of Maine research. Common hand tools can cause eye injuries, especially if they are not the right tool for the job. And when operating equipment, especially machines that chop or grind, use machine shields, wear protection and stay out of the line of fire. Make sure bystanders and passers-by keep away from the discharge path, too.

The safety message given to farmers certainly applies to your workers: Carefully select, fit and clean protective eyewear. The fit should be comfortable and snug, without interfering with movements and vision. Keep protectors in good repair.

7) Emergency response

What do you do when an eye is injured at work? First-aid is critical of course, and depends on the type of injury sustained, according to Prevent Blindness America.

In general, let natural tears wash out small specks or particles. Try not to rub the eye if possible. See a doctor if the speck does not wash out, or if pain or redness continues. For blows to the eye, apply cold compresses for 15 minutes and each hour as needed to reduce swelling. Again, if pain and swelling continues, or there is skin discoloration, see a doctor. If the eye has been cut or punctured, don’t do anything but apply a light bandage and get to a physician quickly. If an eye comes in contact with a chemical, it should be continuously flushed with water for at least 15 minutes. Don’t put anything else in the eye. See a physician and take the label or container of the chemical.

8) Off-the-job risks

In 2001, close to 100,000 people were treated in U.S. hospital emergency rooms for eye injuries relating to the workplace. That doesn’t account for the thousands of eye injuries that happen around the house — working in the basement, garage, or yard — or eye injuries relating to sports. These risks make eye safety a natural off-the-job safety awareness topic for your meetings, newsletters, posters and other communications.

9) Boomer alert

Here’s another eye safety message for employees to take home: Vision problems affect more than 86 million adults in the U.S. over the age of 40. Studies show over the next 30 years, aging baby boomers will double the current number of blind or visually impaired Americans. Set your sights on regular eye exams for early detection and treatment of the three biggest vision problems among the over-40 set: myopia (nearsightedness — difficulty seeing at a distance), cataract, and hyperopia (farsightedness — difficulty seeing up close).

Did you enjoy this article? Click here to subscribe to ISHN.

You must login or register in order to post a comment.

STAY CONNECTED

Facebook logo Twitter YouTubeLinkedIn Google + icon

Multimedia

Videos

Image Galleries

ASSEâ??s Safety 2014 Review

A gallery of photos from the sprawling Orange County Convention Center in Orlando, where ASSE’s annual professional development conference was held June 8-11. All photos courtesy of the American Society of Safety Engineers.

6/26/14 2:00 pm EDT

Realizing ROI from Your Gas Detection Program

This presentation will cover why a safe workplace equates to good business, why keeping workers truly safe from hazardous gases requires a complete gas detection program, and how your investment can ensure an ROI to your overall business.

ISHN Magazine

ISHN0714_cover.jpg

2014 July

In this month's issue of ISHN, check out the top training companies and find out who the winners of the ISHN/ASSE Safety 2014 awards are.

Table Of Contents Subscribe

THE ISHN STORE

M:\General Shared\__AEC Store Katie Z\AEC Store\Images\ISHN\safetyfourth.jpg
Safety Engineering, 4th Edition

A practical, solutions-driven reference, Safety Engineering, 4th edition, has been completely revised and updated to reflect many of today’s issues in safety.

More Products

For Distributors Only - May 2014

ISHN0514FDO_cover.jpgFor Distributors Only is ISHN's niche brand standard-sized magazine supplement aimed at an audience of 2,000 U.S. distributors that sell safety products. Circulation only goes to distributors. CHECK OUT THEMAY 2014 ISSUE OF FDO HERE

ishn infographics

2012 US workplace deathsCheck out ISHN's new Infographic page! Learn more about worker safety through these interactive images. CLICK HERE to view the page.