Prolonged exposure to freezing or cold temperatures might cause trench foot, frostbite and hypothermia. In extreme cases, including cold-water immersion, exposure can lead to death.
Danger signs include uncontrolled shivering, slurred speech, clumsy movements, fatigue and confused behavior. If these signs are observed, call for emergency help.
OSHA's Cold Stress Card provides a reference guide and recommendations to combat and prevent many illnesses and injuries. Tips include:
For free copies of OSHA's Cold Stress Card in English or Spanish, go to OSHA's Web site, www.osha.gov, or call 1-800-321-OSHA.