EPA is adding seven new hazardous waste sites that pose risks to human health and the environment to the National Priorities List (NPL) of Superfund sites. Superfund is the federal program that investigates and cleans up the most complex, uncontrolled or abandoned hazardous waste sites in the country.
To date, there have been 1,627 sites listed on the NPL. Of these sites, 345 sites have been deleted resulting in 1,282 sites currently on the NPL (including the seven new sites added in today’s rulemaking). There are 61 proposed sites awaiting final agency action: 56 in the general Superfund section and five in the federal facilities section. There are a total of 1,343 final and proposed sites.
Contaminants found at the sites include arsenic, asbestos, barium, cadmium, chromium, copper, dichloroethene (DCE), lead, mercury, polynuclear aromatic hydrcarbons (PAHs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), tetrachloroethene (PCE), trichloroethane (TCA), trichloroethene (TCE), vinyl chloride, and zinc.
With all Superfund sites, EPA tries to identify and locate the parties potentially responsible for the contamination to either fund the cleanup or conduct the cleanup with EPA oversight. For the newly listed sites without viable potentially responsible parties, EPA will fund the cleanup. Each Superfund site is investigated to determine the full extent of the contamination before cleanup is started. Therefore, it may be several years before significant cleanup funding is required for the sites.
The following seven sites have been added to the National Priorities List:
Black River PCBs, Jefferson County, N.Y.
Newtown Creek, Brooklyn/Queens, N.Y.
General Dynamics Longwood, Longwood, Fla.
Sanford Dry Cleaners, Sanford, Fla.
Smokey Mountain Smelters, Knox County, Tenn.
Ten Mile Drain, St. Clair Shores, Mich.
Vienna Wells, Vienna, Mo.