Following the death of a worker at Behr Iron & Steel Inc.’s recycling facility in South Beloit, OSHA has cited the company for seven willful and one serious safety violations. The company operates under the name Behr Iron & Metal.
The victim, a 37-year old Hispanic immigrant, suffered multiple external and internal injuries after his arm was caught in a conveyor belt at the scrap metal shredding and sorting facility on March 10. At least three other workers were also exposed to dangerous, unguarded machines during cleaning operations.
A wife and two children
“A wife and two little girls lost their husband, father and livelihood because Behr Iron & Steel knowingly exposed this worker to highly dangerous equipment with no safeguards,” said Dr. David Michaels, assistant secretary of labor for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. “For this family, the American dream is now a nightmare. Behr Iron & Steel needs to be held accountable for its history of failing to protect their workforce.”
The worker had been hired as a permanent employee in October 2013, after working under a temp-to-hire program though a local staffing agency. Of the employees working in the shredder and sorting process, five were temporary workers. Behr Iron & Steel has contracts with both Premier Employee Solutions LLC’s location in Beloit, Wisconsin, and QPS Employment Group, headquartered in Brookfield, Wisconsin, to operate a temp-to-hire program that offers workers permanent positions after completion of a successful 90-day trial period. The workers are supervised and trained by Behr Iron & Steel.
Hazard allowed because it increased efficiency
Workers entered the shredder discharge pit through a 2 1/2 by 3 1/2 foot opening to perform their daily cleaning activities. Those activities involved shoveling metal scrap material that had accumulated in the pit onto a takeaway conveyor system. This conveyor was not guarded and the shredder was not locked out prior to the workers entering the pit.
“Management was aware that the shredder was not being locked out and that workers were accessing the pit with the conveyors running. Unfortunately, Behr Iron & Steel continued the practice of allowing the conveyor to run because it increased efficiency,” said Nick Walters, OSHA’s regional administrator in Chicago. “OSHA’s investigation found that safety training at the plant was woefully inefficient. The company failed to develop and implement required safety procedures at the facility, including permit-required confined space entry and hazardous energy control, despite being previously cited by OSHA for similar conditions at other locations.”
Confined space violations
Several of the willful violations involved OSHA’s permit-required confined space regulations. A confined space is one large enough for workers to enter and perform certain jobs, has limited or restricted means for entry or exit, and is not designed for continuous occupancy. OSHA found violations, such as failing to implement training, procedures and practices for safe entry into the shredder pit and failing to inform employees of the dangers present in pit. The company also failed to prepare entry permits prior to allowing cleaning activities inside of the pit. Since the beginning of 2014, there have been three other fatalities in Illinois related to confined space violations.
The other willful violations cite the company for failing to utilize energy control procedures to prevent workers from coming in contact with operating parts of dangerous machinery by deenergizing and locking out the conveyor belt and providing workers specific instructions to follow before they can safely enter the shredder pit. Behr Iron & Steel was also cited for failing to conduct periodic inspections of equipment-specific lock out/tag out procedures since 2010.
One serious violation was issued for failing to evaluate the ability of emergency services to respond to emergencies occurring within a required permit-confined space.
OSHA has proposed penalties of $497,000 and placed the company in its Severe Violator Enforcement Program.
To view the current citations, visit http://www.osha.gov/ooc/citations/BEHR_962510_090314.pdf.
A history of violations
Prior to the current OSHA inspection, the company had been inspected six times in the previous five years at various locations located in Illinois and Iowa. In March 2010, numerous violations were issued to the company’s Mason City, Iowa, shredding facility after an employee’s arm became trapped and seriously injured while entering a permit-required confined space to perform cleaning operations. After receiving a complaint, OSHA conducted an investigation and issued multiple citations in September 2010 to the company’s Peoria, Illinois, shredding facility. That investigation determined that the company’s procedures for ensuring that hazardous machines were properly turned off before workers performed service and maintenance were inadequate.
Rockford, Illinois-based Behr Iron & Steel is a wholly owned subsidiary of Joseph Behr & Sons Inc., a recycling company founded in 1906. The company employs approximately 450 employees at 14 operating facilities in Illinois, Wisconsin and Iowa. In 2011, Behr Iron & Steel changed the advertised name of all of its operating locations to Behr Iron & Metal. The South Beloit facility employs 62 workers and contains a metal shredding and sorting process, similar to the company’s operations in Mason City, Peoria and Rockford.