A study by research firm Catalyst found that one in three women with M.B.A.s are not working full time, compared to one in 20 men. Part of this trend is generational: A study by Reach Advisors showed that in the highest household-income bracket, 51 percent of â€œGeneration Xâ€ mothers were home full-time, compared to 33 percent of baby boomers.
Work-life balance issues are a major concern for women, according to Circadianâ€™s Acacia Aguirre, M.D., Ph.D. The Society for Human Resource Management reports that work-life balance was the single-most important factor in determining job satisfaction for women. Women who can afford to are leaving the workforce, at least for several years.
To attract these women back â€” and to help retain working mothers currently on staff â€” Aguirre advises that companies make an effort to provide a work-life-friendly environment and scheduling system.