Workplace weight management lowers costs, improves quality of life
Program has benefits even for participants who don't lose weight
Employees who participate in a workplace weight management program—even those without significant weight loss—have reduced health care costs and improved quality of life (QOL), reports a study in the November Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, official publication of the American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine (ACOEM).
Tzeyu L. Michaud, PhD, of the University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, and colleagues analyzed the effectiveness of a weight management program for University of Minnesota employees. The analysis included data on about 1,500 individuals over three years.
The results showed lower health care expenditures for weight management program participants, compared to nonparticipants. Annual savings were $838 per participant including employees, spouses, and dependents, and $876 for employee participants only. There was no significant difference in work absenteeism.
Weight management participants also had a significant improvement in health-related QOL—a difference of 0.0045 on a scale of 0 to 1.0000. This benefit was present for all participants, not just those who lost weight. "Their overall perception about health might be improved even though they did not have significant weight loss results," the researchers suggest.
Over three years, the weight management program generated total savings of about $3.7 million—up to $4.65 million when the value of added "quality-adjusted life-years" was included. Direct costs for the program were about $164,000 per year.
Workplace wellness programs have become increasingly popular, but not all program components are equally effective. "Benefits of a workplace weight management program may go beyond monetary values, as evidenced by an improvement of employees' health-related quality of life," Dr Michaud and coauthors write. They suggest considering measurements beyond weight loss—such as employee engagement levels or productivity—when evaluating the outcomes of wellness programs.
Citation -– Michaud TL, Nyman JA, Jutkowitz E, Su D, Dowd B, Abraham JM. Effect of workplace weight management on health care expenditures and quality of life. J Occup Environ Med. 2016;58(10):1073-8.